Hydrogels Containing Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Fabrication of Muscle Myofibers and Cardiac Differentiation of Embryoid Bodies

Ahadian, Samad ;   Khademhosseini, Ali

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) method was introduced for the fabrication of methacrylated gelatin (GelMA)-aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) gels with tunable electrical and mechanical properties. Hybrid GelMA-aligned CNT hydrogels were more efficient in the fabrication muscle myofibers and cardiac differentiation of embryoid bodies (EBs) compared with GelMA-random CNT and pristine GelMA hydrogels particularly after applying the electrical stimulation (ES).