Development and Usability of a Personalized Sensor-Based System for Pervasive Healthcare
Although a plethora of remote health monitoring systems have been proposed for chronic conditions, the challenge posed by the changing patient needs and the requirement for personalization in health monitoring to move beyond proprietary, difficult to extend, and unsustainable solutions still pertains. In this direction, we describe a mobile health system based on a smartphone, portable/wearable sensors for measuring the patient's physiological parameters, and back-end platforms for the health professionals to monitor the patient condition and configure monitoring plans in an individualized manner. A prototype system was developed based on a Service-oriented Architecture and integrating commercially available sensing devices. An experimental study has been conducted with 53 patients in order to investigate the usability of the proposed system. The patients were able to perform the majority of the target tasks successfully (Success Rate = 77%), while the perceived usability using the System Usability Scale (SUS) was found to be above average (SUS score = 73%), indicating that the patients overall perceived the system as both easy to use and useful.